Aloe Vera leaf contains about 200 ingredients and more than 75 are known to us. The solid fraction only accounts for 0.5 – 1.5% and the rest is water. Aloe Vera Compounds with analysis…

Briefly analysis

  • Amino Acids – Aloe Vera contains 19 of the 20 amino acids our body requires. Some amino acids are called “essential” amino acids. Because the human body is incapable of manufacturing them, we must take them through our diets. Aloe Vera contains 7 of them.
  • Anthraquinones – These bitter substances have a laxative effect and are found only in the sap. The more important one is Aloin.
  • Enzymes – Two types of enzymes are found in Aloe plant. The first type is anti-inflammatory, and the second type is digestive enzymes, which help the absorption of food, particularly protein.
  • Lignin – It is an inert and cellulose-based substance. It possesses the ability to penetrate deep into the skin when use topically.
  • Minerals – Aloe Vera contains almost all of the important minerals human body needs, including calcium, chromium, copper, iron, magnesium, potassium, sodium and zinc. The only important mineral that is missing is selenium.
  • Plant Sterols – Aloe Vera plant contains 3 plant sterols. All of them possess anti-inflammatory property.
  • Salicylic Acid – This substance is similar to aspirin in action and produces pain-killing and anti-inflammatory effects.
  • Saponins – These are soapy substances that possess antiseptic properties and are capable of cleansing.

Sugars – Both monosaccharides and polysaccharides are found in the Aloe plant. Examples of the former include glucose, and the most important one for the latter is the long chain sugar acemannan, which is composed of glucose and mannose molecules. This special sugar has the capacity of affecting the immune system.


Detailed analysis


Aloe vera includes several necessary vitamins: A, C, E, B1, B2, B3, B6 and B12.

Vitamins A, C and E are antioxidants and help fend off free radicals which can contribute to cancer, heart disease and other illnesses.

Vitamin A

Integral for a strong immune system and bone growth. It helps fight off viral or bacterial threats to the body.

Vitamin C

A powerhouse vitamin that is believed to protect against cancer and cardiovascular problems. It also supports the immune system.

Vitamin E

May protect against heart disease while promoting a strong immune system.

B1 Vitamin

Also known as thiamine, B1 plays a role in digestion and contributes to a healthy nervous and immune system.

B2 Vitamin

Goes by the name riboflavin and works as an antioxidant. B12, like other B vitamins, provides the body with energy by creating fuel from food. It also plays an important role in maintaining a strong nervous system.

B3 Vitamin

Also known as niacin, B3 vitamins are used to treat high cholesterol, migraines and diabetes. It’s also used to cleanse the body of toxins and promote good digestion

B6 Vitamin

Important to many of the body’s systems, including immune, cardiovascular and digestive. The vitamin is also connected to the serotonin and dopamine process

B12 Vitamin

Primarily found in animal products, B12 is necessary for healthy blood cells and helps make DNA.



Famous for its role in strong bones, calcium is also vital to the cardiovascular and nervous systems.


Often discussed as a negative mineral, sodium is essential to blood pressure, muscles and nerves


Makes up blood cells and proteins in the body. It’s necessary for energy.


This mineral has a big job; it’s necessary for hundreds of processes in the body, including blood glucose regulation and keeping the immune system strong


Helps clean cells out, protects blood vessels and is thought to help lower the risk of heart disease.


Needed for growth and general health. This mineral helps maintain healthy heart function and is thought to help prevent osteoporosis.


Aloe contains 12 organic compounds called anthraquinones. Aloin, which causes a laxative effect, and emodin help with pain relief and work as antibacterial and antiviral agents. Anthraquinones are often removed from commercial aloe products.


Aloe vera contains a unique type of sugar called Acemannan. The polysaccharide is believed to have antiviral properties, ease gastrointestinal problems and stimulate the immune system.

Fatty Acids

Aloe vera consists of four plant-based fatty acids which are shown to have anti-inflammatory and antiseptic qualities. The acids also contain pain-relieving components.

According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), aloe vera contains 20 amino acids, seven of which are essential. The plant also has hormones that aid in wound healing and eight enzymes.


Enzymes are biochemical catalysts. Some that are contained in Aloe Vera plants, when taken orally, can help digestion by breaking down fats and sugars. Aloe Vera plants also contain other enzymes such as:

  • Bradykinase: It can assist in reducing excessive inflammation and thus reduces pain when applied to the skin topically.
  • Lipases and proteases: They can help breaking down foods and assist digestion.

Some others can help digest dead tissues in wounds.


Aloe Vera plants contain sugars that are known as mucopolysaccharides. These sugars are derived from the mucilage layer that surrounds the inner gel. They enhance the immune system, help detoxify and thus bring great benefits to our health.

Both mono and polysaccharides are present in Aloe Vera Plant, but the most important are the long chain sugars involving glucose and mannose or the gluco-mannans. Unlike other sugars, these sugars do not break down but through a process called pinocytosis, are ingested whole from the gut and appear in the bloodstream in the same form. Once in the blood stream, they are able to exert their immuno-regulating effect.

For those polysaccharides that are not absorbed, they will stick to certain cells lining the gut and create a barrier that can prevent absorption of unwanted material and thus help to prevent a “leaking” gut syndrome. These sugars can also be main moisturizers in topical preparations.


Lignin in itself is an inert substance but when included in topical preparations it endows Aloe Vera with a singular penetrative effect and thus helps easier absorption of other ingredients into the skin.


Saponins are soapy substances, which form about 3% of the Aloe Vera gel. They have cleansing and antiseptic properties and are powerful anti-microbials against bacteria, viruses, fungi and yeasts.

Fatty Acids

Aloe Vera contains four plant steroids: Cholesterol, Campesterol, b. Sisosterol and Lupeol. They are both important anti-inflammatory agents.

Salicylic acid

This is an aspirin-like compound that has anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial properties.

Amino Acids

Aloe Vera Gel contains 20 of the 22 amino acids our body needs. In addition, out of the 8 essential amino acids our body cannot synthesize, Aloe Vera provides 7.

Plant Sterols

Aloe Vera plant contains 3 plant sterols. All of them possess anti-inflammatory property.